Today the South Sudanese people are preparing for the fourth anniversary of their country’s founding, the world’s youngest nation. The United Nations News Centre reported that the months of extreme politically motivated violence in the country has led to thousands of lives lost and created a “man-made political, security, humanitarian and economic catastrophe,” said by the United Nations Security Council on July 9, 2015. They also expressed their “profound disappointment” in President Salva Kiir, the former Vice-President Riek Machar as well as other leaders “who have put their personal ambitions ahead of the good of their country and their people.”
The Security Council members condemned the human rights abuses and violations as well as the violations of international humanitarian law in the South Sudan conflict. They emphasised that the hostility amongst the leaders has “jeopardized the foundation of this fledgling state,” and have called for an urgent return to a political process that will conclude the on going violence in the state. The statement released by the UN said that the Security Council “expressed their determination to support all efforts to hold those responsible to account for these crimes.”
The work that the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) has done in mediating between the parties was recognised by the Council but there is still no sign that those involved in the conflict are prepared to compromise, agree to a ceasefire and start working towards a genuine peace process.
Therefore the Security Council has recommended that there be a reinvigoration in the political process aimed at developing and implementing a solution to the crisis. They expressed their keen interest in continuing to work with IGAD along with the UN agencies, friends of South Sudan from Africa and abroad in order to do so.