Tuberculosis maintained its rank as the leading cause of death in South Africa in 2015, even as the number of deaths attributable to noncommunicable diseases – notably, diabetes – continued to rise.
That’s according to the just-released statistical report issued by the government’s Statistics South Africa agency.
Tuberculosis was the leading underlying cause of death in 29 of the 52 districts in South Africa, and it was the leading underlying cause of death in at least one district for all the provinces. The provinces with the highest number of districts affected by tuberculosis were in Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal, the report said.
In Africa’s eight metropolitan municipalities, four of the cities listed communicable diseases as the leading cause. Tuberculosis was the leading underlying cause of death for Ekurhuleni, Ethekwini and Buffalo City, while HIV disease was the leading underlying cause for Mangaung.
The four districts where HIV disease was the leading underlying cause of death were Cape Winelands in Western Cape, John Taolo Gaetsewe in Northern Cape, Umkhanyakude in KwaZulu-Natal and Mangaung in Free State. Umkhanyakude had the highest proportion of deaths among all districts, with 13.4 percent of deaths as a result of HIV disease.
Heart disease was the leading underlying cause of death in Tshwane and Johannesburg, while diabetes was the leading underlying cause of death for Cape Town in Western Cape and Nelson Mandela Bay in Eastern Cape.
To view the entire report, see this link.
Image: Democratic Alliance South Africa